Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders – individuals of more than 47 ethnic groups from Asia and the Pacific Islands, speaking over 100 languages – represent one of the fastest-growing and most diverse populations in the United States. The U.S. Census Bureau projects the Asian American population will grow to 37.6 million individuals by the year 2050, comprising 9.3 percent of the population. 
When it comes to health, the API population experiences health disparities related to cancer screening, diabetes and infectious diseases, among others.
At 85.8 years, Asian American women experience the greatest life expectancy of any ethnic group in the United States.
- · Asian Americans contend with numerous factors that may threaten their health, including infrequent medical visits due to fear of deportation, language and cultural barriers and the lack of health insurance.
- · Asian Americans are at a greater risk for cancer, heart disease, stroke, accidents and diabetes.
- · Asian Americans also have a high prevalence and risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, hepatitis B, HIV/AIDS, smoking, tuberculosis and liver disease.
 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Asian American and Pacific Islander – Primer, 2006. Accessed online at http://www.epa.gov/aapi/primer.htm on May 27, 2009.
 Asian American Populations. Office of Minority Health & Health Disparities. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Accessed online at http://www.cdc.gov/omhd/populations/AsianAm/AsianAm.htm on May 27, 2009.
 Highlights in Minority Health & Health Disparities. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Accessed online at http://www.cdc.gov/omhd/Highlights/2006/HMay06AAPI.htm on May 27, 2009.
 Asian American/Pacific Islander Profile. The Office of Minority Health. Accessed online at http://www.omhrc.gov/templates/browse.aspx?lvl=2&lvlID=53 on May 27, 2009.